Chicago Style In-Text Citations
A Union soldier, Jacob Thomas, claimed to have seen Forrest order the killing, but when asked to describe the six-foot-two general, he called him "a little bit of a man."1
Footnote or Endnote:
1. Brian Steel Wills, A Battle from the Start: The Life of Nathan Bedford Forrest (New York: HarperCollins, 1992), 187.
1. Hayden Herrera, Frida: A Biography of Frida Kahlo (New York: Harper and Row, 1983), 356.
More Than One Author (authors’ names appear in the order they appear on title page of book)
2. Arthur Weinberg and Lila Weinberg, Clarence Darrow: A Sentimental Rebel (New York: Putnam’s Sons, 1980), 88.
3. The New York Times Atlas of the World (New York: New York Times Books, 1980), 67.
Edited, Translated, or Compiled Works -The name of editor, translator, or compiler is followed by an abbreviation (ed., trans., or comp, etc.)
4. C. Vann Woodward, ed., Mary Chesnut’s Civil War (New Haven, Conn: Yale University Press, 1981), 214.
Selection in an Anthology, or a Chapter in a Book, with an Editor
5. Mary Gordon, “The Parable of the Cave,” in The Writer on Her Work, ed. Janet Sternberg (New York: W.W. Norton, 1980), 30.
Edition Other Than the First
6. Alfred H. Kelly, Winfred A. Harbison, and Herman Belz, The American Constitution: Its Origins and Development, 6th ed. (New York: W.W. Norton, 1983), 187.
7. Philip S. Foner and Ronald L. Lewis, eds., The Black Worker, vol. 3 (Philadelphia: W.P. Lippincott, 1980), 134.
Article in a Journal Paginated by Issue
9. John Lofty, “The Politics of Modernism’s Funeral,” Journal of Political and Social Theory 6, no. 3 (1987): 89.
Article in a Magazine
10. Claudia Kalb, “Operating on Accuracy,” Newsweek, 30 September 2002, 59.
Article in a Newspaper
11. Dennis Kelly, “A Financial Report Card for Colleges,” USA Today, 5 July 1994, sec. D, p. 1.
Previously Mentioned Author
12. Kelly, 1.
Previously Mentioned Author of More Than One Work
13. Herrera, Frida, 356.
The use of Ibid and Op. Cit. is part of an older Chicago style and is no longer prominent. It is suggested that you consult your instructor as to the use of these citation tools, but instructions for their use are included here. The abbreviation “Ibid” is used in footnote/endnote notation to indicate information taken from a single work cited in the immediately preceding footnote or endnote in order to avoid repetition of bibliographic information. The abbreviation “Op. Cit.” is used with the author's last name and page number to denote a reference to a work previously cited in your paper. It differs from “Ibid” in that it refers to a work that does not immediately follow the one just cited. If a different page number is referenced from the initial entry, then a page number should also be referenced in the “Ibid” entry, separated by a comma.
15. Gordon, op. cit. 32.
16. S. A. Moulthrop, “Traveling in the Breakdown Lane: A Principle of Resistance for Hypertext,” University of Baltimore Computer Science Department Online, May 1999, http://www.ubalt.edu/www/ ygcla/sam/essays/pre_breakdown.html.
(note: to break apart long web pages, never break in the middle of a word, letter or number cluster, always break after punctuation marks)
Online Internet Journal Article
17. E. W. Gorr and Z.W. Gorr, “The Rhetoric of Video Games,” Rhetorical Theory Quarterly (1998), http://www.rtquarterly.com/game.html (accessed 23 February 1998).
18. Jason Adams, “Re: Question about Chicago style documentation,” personal email message, August 8, 2005.